Passport Control and Schengen
The Schengen visa agreement extends the fundamental rights of the citizens of the European Union to travel and work within the EU. At the moment, the Schengen visa space consists of the free movement area of 26 European countries, where the border check needs to be performed just once, when entering the visa space.
From the beginning of this September, passengers can cross the border using the Automated Border Control system.
The machines set up for automated border crossing may be used by any passenger who:
- is a citizen of a state in the European Union, the European Economic Area or the Schengen Visa Area
- is at least 15 years of age
- holds a valid biometric passport (e-passport)
Before you use the automated border crossing system, please follow the instructions displayed on the screens.
Even though on the internal borders of the Schengen area people are not checked, a passport or identification document (ID card) still needs to be carried with you, as the authorities of the Schengen countries, such as the police or migration office has the right to check people’s documents.
Estonia joined the Schengen agreement in December 2007, and in March 2008 the Estonian air border was also opened.
You will find more information of the rights in the Schengen area on these pages: